Wednesday, September 26, 2012

How to Shake a Tail *(evade and escape scenarios)


The safest way to handle a confrontation is to avoid it completely.  Following are
four posts on how to shake a tail if you think you're being followed.

This evade-and-escape tactic is called a Cleaning Run,
and it's something that anyone can do.

So which of the scenarios below interests you most?


It's Primal Protection.

Sunday, September 23, 2012

Avoiding a Confrontation - It's Primal Protection


Here are the top five posts that have attracted interest from around the world.

In order of popularity they include : dressing to look like a hard target ; 
understanding the aggressive mind-set of a predator or bully ; 
understanding the effects of adrenaline in a confrontation ;
simple escape and evasion tactics
and using verbal de-escalation.

If you've missed any, here's your chance to catch up,
or you could share the link with family and friends.
It's self protection without the self defence!


Primal Dissuasion *(looking like a hard target)

Saturday, September 1, 2012

Choosing the Best Martial Art for You


Although this post is dedicated to 'Self Protection without the Self Defence',  I frequently get asked which martial art is the best?  So for those of you who are thinking about doing some martial arts training at some stage, I thought I'd offer the following advice :

Firstly, you should never under-estimate the effect that movies and television have had on your perception of the martial arts, and what they achieve.  

Secondly, martial arts are like flavours of ice-cream... there are 21 different flavours... with each one offering a different taste experience.

Thirdly, if you can understand what you're actually looking for at an unconscious level, you won't waste time and money walking a path that won't take you where you actually want go at this particular point in your life.

But let me start with a story that might clarify those three basic points :

Some time ago I had a young man come along to watch one of my Ninjutsu classes.  I present a reality-based expression of traditional strategies and tactics, however my training program does include a range of traditional weapons.

When I asked him what he was looking for from a martial art experience, he immediately answered "Japanese sword."  I was actually presenting the basics of a traditional sword scroll in that class (which made his eyes light up)... but I quickly pointed out that we also study stick, knife, and a few other other more exotic Japanese weapons. 

I suggested that he watch the class, and while he did, maybe he could think about what it was that he wanted and didn't want from a martial art.... just make a mental list of the important points.

At the end of class, and to my surprise, he said to me "I actually know what I want now!"

He explained his short list of wants and don't-wants, and when he finished I responded by asking him "And if you found an art or school that offered you all that, how would it make you feel?... what would it do for your life?" 

He lowered his head in thought, paused for a moment, then looked at me and said in a knowing tone of voice "It would give me inner peace!"

"Congratulations" I said.  "Now you know something that many experienced martial artists don't know about themselves.  You know what you're unconsciously seeking from a martial art."

At that point I recommended that he not undertake the study of Ninjutsu... simply because his unconscious perception for achieving inner peace rested solely on the study of Japanese sword.  Instead I suggested that he go and have a look at an Iaido school (sword drawing and cutting), or a Tameshigiri group (test-cutting with a live blade).

I could tell by the look on his face that he was surprised that I wasn't going to accept him as a student... but he agreed that it felt like the right thing to do.

So I wished him luck on his Musha Shugyo (warrior quest), and shook his hand.  And as he walked away I could see that he was very pleased with his new realisation.


So there you have it... a simple way to understand what you're unconsciously looking for from a martial art experience.  All you have to do is 3 things :
  • first, make a short list of the things you want in the training program
  • then make a short list of the things you don't want in the training program
  • and finally, ask yourself this question "If I was to find an art or school that gave me everything I wanted, how would it make me feel? What would it do for my life?
If you just relax and calm your mind, the insight will come to you as a picture, sound (words), or a feeling.  And if that doesn't make sense to you, just ask your Unconscious Self to give you a different picture/sound/feeling experience that you will understand.  It really is that simple!

To help you start on your list, here are few examples of what some people want and don't want from a martial art experience :
  • some people want meditation... some don't
  • some want weapons training... some don't
  • some want tradition... some want street... some want both 
  • some want tournament... and some want a meaningful philosophical aspect
  • some want an art that complements their career in security, police, or the military.


Finally, keep in mind that all martial arts will give you a self-defence capability of some description.  But they are not all the same.  I feel that this is important to point out, because most people believe that any martial arts training will make them effective in every kind of confrontation.

But that isn't the case... so you should choose an art that deals with the kind of confrontation you're expecting to come up against.  The three basic ranges are as follows :
  • close quarter *(grappling attack)
  • medium range *(punching attack)
  • long range *(kicking or weapon attack).


Here's a brief description of some of the more popular arts, and the ranges they specialise in :
  • Judo focuses on close quarter grappling... and Brazilian Jujitsu on ground grappling
  • Wing Chun and Tong Long focus on close and medium range (entrapping and striking)
  • Karate and Tae Kwon Do focus on medium and long range (punching and kicking)
  • MMA focuses on close, medium and long range... but not on group or weapon defence
  • Krav Maga, Aikido, and Ninjutsu focus on all three ranges, and include group-attack defence, weapon defence, and some weaponry. 
*Keep in mind though, the more subjects you study, the longer it takes to get good at all of them.  So if you want a quick solution to a particular problem, choose an art or school that specialises in that particular range of confrontation!

So in summary :
  • choose an art or two that might suit your self-defence concerns *(ranges)
  • next, make a short list of the things you want and don't want in the training program
  • then calm your mind and ask yourself "If I was to find an art or school that gave me everything I wanted, how would it make me feel? What would it do for my life?
It's just a light meditation... one that feels more like a day-dream... but the insight will be there!


 It's Primal Protection.

Sunday, July 22, 2012

Tactical Pens for Everyday Protection

 

There can be times in life when a tactical pen will be the quickest everyday defence object (EDO) that you can lay your hands on.  And I highly recommend Tuff Writer tactical pens because
they're built to withstand blistering cold, intense heat, and any kind of harsh environment.


These photos are examples of the Precision Press series... the ultimate 'clicky' pen. 

It is entirely modular with each component being easily replaceable and built to last a lifetime. 

Designed for military, police and security personnel, the pen utilizes an all 
aluminium or titanium body... and to ensure proper balance and
amazing strength, the tip is machined out of stainless steel.

 
The clip, pressed out of spring steel and coated for durability and
corrosion resistance, helps keep the pen securely fastened.


 
 Finally for grip and comfort, the pen body has removable contrasting black Duron o-rings
which assist in maintaining a positive grip on the pen when you need it most.
 
 
The photo above features a black precision press with a slim-line black tactical torch.
 
 
The safety trainer below is made of impact rubber, and designed to simulate
strikes without causing injury to your training partner.  It's roughly the
same size and weight as a Tuff Writer pen.
 
 
For more information on Tuff Writer products, click on the link below : 

Thursday, May 10, 2012

Why it's Important to Understand Adrenaline


If you're ever faced with a dangerous situation you're probably going to experience an adrenaline surge.  It doesn't have to be a physical confrontation - it might be something like a car accident, or even just a sudden fright

Whatever the perceived danger may be, your brain is hard-wired to send a surge of adrenaline through your body, and there are a number of physical side-effects that you should be aware of :
  • its function is to make you faster, stronger, and feel less pain - which are survival traits
  • however your vision can become tunnelled in a forward direction - often causing threats from the side to disappear from your field of vision (see top photo for an example)
  • your hearing can also become tunnelled - sometimes preventing you from hearing attacks or warnings that come from the side.

It is thought that this forward-focus is a primal survival response that goes back to a time when primitive man would face an imminent attack from a dangerous wild animal... and become totally focused on that threat !!!

The after-effects of an adrenaline surge are also something you should be aware of :

  • Firstly, your hands can shake, and you can feel quite weak.  This is simply a result of the falling blood sugar that was pumped into your system to provide the energy needed for a flight-or-fight survival response. 
  • Secondly, there can be a sleep-inducing effect from the adrenaline wash-out and endorphin rush, which triggers a cut-out switch in the brain. This sudden fainting episode is simply caused by a drop in blood pressure and heart-rate, and should not be confused with a fear response.
  • Thirdly, an unexpected release of strong emotion that was suppressed during the adrenaline surge.  Most often this erupts in the form of crying - which shocks and embarrasses people when they don't know to expect it. 

All of these points are common, and they can affect anyone at anytime.  As an example, following is frank and honest account of a confrontation from a martial arts Instructor :

I was woken very early on Sunday morning (about 4am) by someone groaning.  At first I thought one of my children had fallen out of bed.  But when I heard two voices, I knew it was coming from outside.

I looked out the window to see a man lying on my drive-way, and a woman standing over him.  I ensured that my family was safe and secure, and went outside into the darkness.

Not knowing what to expect, I approached the couple cautiously, just in case the scenario was a set-up.  I kept a safe distance, and told them to keep their voices down.

The woman apologised and tried to help the man up off the concrete.  He gradually got to his feet, and apologised for the noise.  He staggered around - obviously drunk - then suddenly held out his hand to shake mine.

In response I stepped back to create more distance, and raised my hands into a natural defensive-barrier.  "No" I said to him "It's ok, just leave, and keep your voices down." 

He responded with a drunken "Ok", and they staggered off down the street. Then, as I made my way back to my front door, I started to feel woozy.  I closed the door, and my wife asked if I was ok?  I told her "No", and immediately laid down on the floor.

The next thing I remember I was coming out of a dark tunnel, with very short deep breaths.  Apparently I had been out for about 10 to 15 seconds.

My wife asked me if I had been in a fight, and I told her "No... they just left and I came inside."

I remembered feeling the initial effects of an adrenaline surge as the drunk got up and lurched towards me to shake my hand.  But passing-out after the situation ended was not a side-effect I expected... especially from someone with my martial arts experience.


It wasn't until later that I learnt (from a fellow Black Belt who was a doctor), that my short fainting spell was caused by a drop in blood pressure and heart rate... which is designed to make the body horizontal, and allow the heart to recover its normal function more easily.

So if it ever happens to anyone you're with, simply place them in the recovery position (see below). 


Finally, here is a summary of points about experiencing an adrenaline surge :
  • it will make you faster, stronger, and feel less pain
  • however your vision and hearing can become tunnelled
  • afterwards your hands may shake, and you might feel weak
  • there can be a fainting episode as the body re-adjusts itself
  • or even an outburst of emotion (crying).


For more important insights into Adrenaline, click on the link below.
It will take you to an International Bodyguard Association blog :




It's Primal Protection.


Friday, April 13, 2012

The Second Wave *(dealing with police, courts and the law)


Whether you realise it or not, there are three waves that can result from a violent confrontation. The First Wave involves handling the physical assault itself... and the Second Wave involves handling the Police and the Courts... and the Third Wave is the potential loss of your job (and financial hardship) resulting from being charged and convicted for the way you defend yourself.

This post explains the important points of The Second Wave, and it's something that most people are completely unprepared for.

How come?  Because movies and television shows generally portray The Law as something that protects victims of crime, and only punishes the bad guys.

But it's not always as black-and-white as that, because most countries don't have a Justice System, they have a Legal SystemWhat's the difference?  Well a Legal System is a set of rules (laws) that are open to interpretation and don't always result in justice... but society expects you to obey them.

So if you (the victim) unintentionally breaks the law in the process of defending yourself, then both you and your attacker may well be charged (... albeit with separate offences).

Reasonable Force : In most countries there is a law about only using Reasonable Force when defending yourself.  Basically that means if your attacker punches, you can punch... or if they kick, then you can kick... or if they have a weapon, you can use a weapon.

But that law doesn't always take into account the size or aggression of your attacker.... and both of those factors can determine how much force is actually necessary to stop them But that's a point that your Lawyer/Barrister will have to argue in Court!

Also, regardless of how frightened you might be during an assault, it's generally considered to be an offence to attack an unarmed person with any sort of weapon.  So if you manage to take a weapon off an armed attacker, it's most probably unlawful to then hit them with it. 

Arming yourself at home :  Unless you live in a country with liberal gun laws, in a burglary or home invasion you will probably be restricted to trying to defend yourself with everyday objects. Some examples would be : scissors ; a screwdriver ; a strong torch ; or a solid walking stick.

If you play a sport, even sports equipment can be something you can use to protect yourself.  For example you might have a cricket bat (and ball) behind a door ; or a baseball bat (and ball) ; or a hockey stick (and ball) ; or even a golf club (and ball). 

Why always a ball?   Well if you don't have a ball nearby to use with your bat/stick/club, then the police might assume that you only have it to use as a weapon. 


In other words, the object by itself could indicate your intent to cause harm.  The intruder might get arrested, but you might get arrested as well, for attacking an unarmed person with a object that was meant to be used solely as a weapon. 

So always have a matching ball somewhere... just to prove that you have the bat/stick/club for occassional exercise, and not as a weapon to attack people with.

Many martial artists like to have a martial arts weapon lying around at home.  But again, having a recognisable weapon like a samurai sword or nunchaku next to the front door shows an intent to cause harm... and as a consequence, you might find yourself charged with an offence as well.

It's ridiculous I know... especially if the intruder is much bigger or stronger than you are.  But laws aren't always about common sense or justice!  They are 'rules' that society expects you to obey.


Talking to the police :  If the police are called to an incident (on the street or at your home), they will generally interview everyone involved, as well as take statements from any witnesses.

Now it's important to understand that many people (victims) are charged with related offences simply because of what they inadvertently say to the police while they were still suffering the effects of adrenaline or emotional distress.

Here are just two examples :  "I just wanted to frighten him with the bat, but he rushed me so I hit him with it."  or  "He punched me in the face so I broke his jaw with a ninja death elbow." 

This is what some police refer to as verbal diarreha... when a person just blurts out lots of words in the hope of proving their innocence.  However police generally write down everything that's said (whether you really meant it or not), and your statements can be used against you.

So before you say anything to police, insist that you take a few moments to sit and calm yourself, and let the effects of adrenalin subside.  Don't be pressured into giving your side of the story... insist that you need to sit down... because your future may depend on what you say, and how you say it.

You might even ask to have a drink of water... and take that opportunity to take a few deep breaths.


Being arrested :  After police have taken notes about what was said and done, they might decide to arrest everyone involved.  This is not uncommon - so don't panic - and don't resist being taken to the police station, even if it's in handcuffs. 

If you DO resist, regardless of whether you are the victim or not, you may face a charge of resisting arrest... which will be separate from any other charges relating to the confrontation.

If you are arrested you will be officially interviewed. Generally you are entitled to telephone someone, or to arrange legal representation.  But remember to contact a criminal lawyer! 

Most people panic at this point, and just want to give a quick statement and go home.  But in doing so they risk ending up in Court at a later dateWhen you're dealing with The Second Wave you have to think long-term... because the consequences are long-term.

Conviction rates :  It's an unfortunate fact that the careers of many police officers depend on their conviction rate.  Consequently, if they can successfully charge your attacker and YOU, then their conviction rate rises. And that increases their chances of promotion and a pay-rise. 

All police have to do is show that you broke a law (any law).  And if you did, then from their perspective you're a bad guy too... even if you were in fact the victim in this case. 

You really are at the mercy of the character of the police officer(s) you're dealing with.  So it's important that you don't expect that they will automatically act with tolerance and understanding like the police you've seen on TV. 

They might turn a blind eye to some small breach, but there's no guarantee.  And keep in mind that in most countries, ignorance of the law is no defence!

Giving a statement :  So if you do give a statement (at the scene or at the station), following are a few things to keep in mind :
  • firstly, make sure you mention how aggressive and threatening your attacker was
  • that you tried to de-escalate the situation and distance yourself from your attacker
  • but they continued to be aggressive, and so you were forced to defend yourself.  


Finally, stick to your story, no matter how many times you're asked to describe what happened.
Keep in mind that the police will be taking note of everything you say, and they will be looking
for discrepancies.  And those same discrepancies can-and-will be used by the opposing
Barrister, should you ever end up in Court defending your actions.

It's Primal Protection.


Friday, April 6, 2012

If you're Confronted - give them The Finger!


Fighting stances can be understood as being tactical body language... a physical statement that registers (unconsciously) with your opponent.  Basically, it sends a message about your intention!

Many martial artists think that if they adopt a strong fighting stance when they're confronted, their opponent will see that they are a formidable adversary, and possibly back down (in fear).  But that's not always the best tactic to apply in the initial stages of a confrontation. 

Why not?  Well in terms of body-language, a stance is an aggressive act... a threatening gesture. 

So when one person adopts a fighting stance, the other person will often feel compelled to adopt a fighting stance as well (to protect themselves)... then one or both of them will feel compelled to launch an attack.

So adopting a fighting stance in the early stages of a confrontation can actually escalate the level of violence - unnecessarily

Also, you might find that Common Law in many countries requires you to try and retreat from a potentially violent confrontation. So adopting a fighting stance isn't going to look like you did that. In fact it demonstrates the opposite... so you might find yourself charged with Affray (fighting in public). 

Finally, adopting a martial arts stance informs your opponent that you do in fact have some level of skill.  And with that knowledge they can change their attack strategy... prompting them to pick up a bottle or a chair, or call for a bit of help from their friends.

In fact, if any of your opponent's friends (wife or girlfriend) feel that your fighting stance makes you look too threatening, these days they're just as likely to step out of the crowd   and hit you over the head with something... a bottle, or the heel of a stiletto shoe.


Tactically, you're better off creating a safe distance (4 to 6 feet), and adopting a primal threat indicator : turning your body side-on, chin down, and point with your index finger.

You can add to the de-escalation effect by saying "Calm down" or "Stay back", or even something much stronger.  Whatever you say, it's vital that your tone of voice is deep, strong and confident.
 
Keep in mind that predators only understand their own language... so being nice is going to be a complete waste of time. You need to speak to them in a way they'll understand.... and that sometimes means using hard language!

So in summary, remember that in this age of CCTV cameras and camera-phones, it's important NOT to adopt a recognisable fighting stance... but instead, give your opponent the pointed-finger.

It's Primal Protection. 


For more insight into the Tactic of Verbal De-Escalation, click on the link below :




Friday, March 23, 2012

But mum, dad - that won't happen to me!


If you're a parent of a teenager then you probably need to read this information - and so do they!

The most common statements I hear when talking to parents about assaults on teenagers are : 
  • "I tell my children just to avoid the trouble-makers!"
  • "But my teens don't get into fights - they're good kids!" 
And even when parents do try to get their teenagers to be aware of any trouble starting at a party or just walking the streets, their children often say "But mum, dad - that won't happen to me!"

So let me make one thing clear right from the start :  most attacks on teenagers have nothing to do with who started the confrontation... it's simply a matter of being the closest available victim.

It's that primal. A predator selects their victim simply because they're close, and because they look like someone who won't put up much resistance

You don't have to do anything wrong - you just have to be there!

Here's a true story that highlights that point.  It involves two sisters in their mid-teens, and a gang of young female predators :

The sisters were waiting for a train when a group of rough looking local girls arrived at the station. 

Because the two girls were wearing the uniform of the private school they attended, they caught the attention of the approaching gang... who immediately closed the distance to test the defences of their intended victims.

Unfortunately, the sisters had no idea about what was happening.  Why would they?... they were good girls... polite girls... girls who had been brought up to have a sense of community.

The ring-leader started with the usual intimidation tactic "What are you looking at?" ... to which one sister responded "We don't want any trouble. We just want to be left alone."

At this point the ring-leader was satisfied that the two girls were an easy target... and she told them that she was going to punch one of them in the face, and then the other.

Before the sisters could finish insisting that they had done nothing wrong, the first one was punched, then the other - as promised !!!

Fortunately, at that point the ring-leader decided that she had proved her primal dominance, and she led the gang away and down the platform.

One of the sisters then phoned a parent, who quickly drove to the station to take them back home

The girls were obviously traumatised, and at a loss to understand what they had done wrong to get punched like that (?)  It simply didn't occur to them that they looked like easy targets who wouldn't put up any resistance... and that's why they were singled out and attacked.

 

Now you may be thinking to yourself "But what could they have done?" 

Well the first line of defence is understanding the attack ritual of a street predator :
  • first they select their victim and make eye contact  
  • then they close the distance into striking range
  • they try to intimidate their victim into not resisting
  • then they launch a surprise attack.  

The important thing to understand about that ritual is that the attack has already started once the predator begins walking towards you... and at that point you're just seconds away from being assaulted... regardless of what you say to them!

So if you can, this is a good time to try and escape... just move away when you see them coming... preferably towards some station staff or male passengers.  You've only got a few seconds, but it may be enough time to put some distance between you and them.

Try not to run though. It's a predator's instinct to chase any prey that tries to run away!

If you can't escape, then open the distance as they get close to you... move around and try to create a safe distance at least 4 to 6 feet.  This will take away the predator's preferred strategy of using a close-quarter surprise attack. 

The important thing to understand is this : if you do nothing... if you just passively stand there... if you look down in an attempt to not antagonise them... it will NOT stop them from attacking you! 

Remember they have closed the distance with the intention of launching a surprise attack... and they actually prefer it if their victims are intimidated and reluctant to resist in any way.

Now we come to the physical aspect of the confrontation, which really can't be avoided... especially as the attack actually started when they first selected you as a potential victim.

At this point it's important for you to understand this : because the predator has not experienced any pain or suffering (yet), there is no reason for them to stop their attack.

You don't have to hit or kick them as they move forward to close the distance again... but a good solid push with both hands can quickly open the space between you. And once you've shoved them back away, stand side-on, chin down, point at them, and in a strong determined voice tell them to "Stay back!" or "Back-off.

This body-language tactic is called a primal threat indicator... and it expresses a serious intention to attack... even though you actually want to avoid a physical confrontation.

The important point to remember is that a sudden strong push will generally trigger an adrenalin surge in your attacker.  If that is followed by you stepping back and opening the distance, it can trigger a FLIGHT response... causing them to want to back-away.  Whereas a push followed by you stepping forward can trigger a FIGHT response... causing them to want to fight back.
 
It's a trick of the mind - a primal response that's hard-wired into the human brain!  So shove them hard with both hands (using your legs for extra power)... then step back away to open the distance... and adopt a primal threat indicator.

It's Primal Protection.


For more insight into using a "Primal Threat Indicator" click on the link below :

http://www.itsprimalprotection.com/2012/04/if-youre-confronted-give-them-finger.html



Saturday, March 17, 2012

Primal Dissuasion *(looking like a hard target)


The photos in this post are of actors from the BBC television series 'Spooks', and they highlight a particular way of dressing I call Alpha-styling.  In terms of self-protection, it can determine if a street predator sees you as a potential target or not... and I'll explain why.

Some time ago I presented Personal Protection workshops that involved learning a range of avoidance skills :
  • how to look and act like a hard target 
  • understanding the mind-set of a street predator
  • how to do a 'cleaning run' if you thought you were being followed
  • and applying body-guarding basics to protect your friends and family.
As part of the experience I explained that a predator will take one look at the way you dress, and quickly decide if you're a soft (easy) target, or a hard (difficult) target. And if you are a soft target, they'll quickly plan their approach.

It's a primal thing... natural selection... predators of every kind will always attack the easiest or weakest target in the herd first.

At that point I asked everyone to pick 2 or 3 other people in the group and make a list of things about the way they dress that might make them look like a soft target.  For example : height ; build ; posture ; clothing ; watch ; jewellery ; hair style ; etc.


After that, I asked everyone to objectively list a few things about their own appearance that might make them look like a soft target.

It was a revealing experience for everyone to suddenly see themselves through the eyes of a street predator. 
And that was the point... to understand that fashion trends can sometimes make you look like a soft target, and actually encourage a physical confrontation.

The current trend of men wearing large sunglasses is a typical example. Why?  Because large sunglasses hide facial features, and create a smooth soft look.  Now that sense of mystery may be attractive on a women... but on a man it does nothing to enhance his natural masculinity. 

Have you ever noticed that people in dangerous occupations - bodyguards, police, firefighters, rescue workers, the military - all wear small-framed sunglasses?  It's because small glasses reflect a serious focused attitude.


So how does Alpha styling make you look like a hard target to a street predator?  Well it makes a statement.  It says this man is obviously no-nonsense, and he comes across as having a strength and a capability.

Why does that work?  Because predators generally don't want the hassle of dealing with someone who's going to be a difficult target... because they might actually get hurt themselves... and that's something they want to avoid.


So regardless of how young or old you are, make sure your overall look is :
  • simple (a practical choice of clothing)
  • strong (wear fitted items in solid colours)
  • functional (no unnecessary adornments or decorations).


In summary :
  • dress with a minimalist approach... which is simple, strong, and functional
  • your clothes should be fitted to complement your best physical features
  • and use solid colours as the foundation of your wardrobe.

It's Primal Protection.
 
 
 
For more on dressing in a way that has a positive effect on your
personalsocial and business relationships
click on the link below :

Monday, February 27, 2012

Embrace the Darkness *(and just disappear)

 
The tactic of avoidance is a valuable one, even for experienced martial artists.  Why?  Because the longer you engage in a confrontation the greater the odds are that you will get injured.

It's for this reason that in my Personal Protection Workshops I teach basic counter-surveillance skills... so you can shake a tail if you're being followed. 

If I'm teaching at night I like to include some basic Escape & Evasion skills.  The scenario is that you're alone at night - maybe overseas - and you think you're being followed.  What can you do?
 

My four basic principles of Escape & Evasion are : shape ; shadow ; screen ; and sound :
  • the term 'shape' refers to disguising the recognisable shape of a human being   
  • the term 'shadow' refers to using shadows to conceal your location and movement 
  • the term 'screen' refers to any object that can hide some-or-all of your body 
  • the term 'sound' refers to knowing the right time to shift locations, and potentially make some noise doing so.
 
Following is a true story that highlights how these four simple principles could have helped a person avoid a potentially violent confrontation :

Several years ago a friend of mine broke off a relationship with a domineering man.  It seemed to be a clean break, but one night he drove to her house and started banging on the front door - calling for her to let him in.

Not surprisingly she was scared, and kept silent.  He then went around the house and started banging on the back door... and as he did so she ran out of the front door and up the street.

But she ran down the middle of the road, which was very well lit by the street-lights.  And when the ex-boyfriend came around to the front of the house again he saw her running away... so he got into his car and drove after her.


Why did she run up the middle of the road?  Well it's a natural fear response.  She chose a clear well-lit path of escape... but it was also a clear well-lit path of pursuit.

Fortunately for her, when he did catch up with her she was able to calm him down, and the situation didn't escalate into violence.

However, she would have been able to avoid that risk if she had known how to apply the basics of escape and evasion.  Within a matter of seconds she could have just disappeared into the many shadows and screens in her neighbour's backyard.

It's Primal Protection.
 

For insight into Counter-Surveillance Basics, click on the link below: